Procedures on How Start Rice Farming Business In Nigeria

rice farming in nigeria

Rice farming in Nigeria is a lucrative enterprise. Majority of homes in Nigeria eat rice often. Rice farmers in Nigeria cultivate rice in swampy zones. One nice feature of rice is that it takes below 4 months between harvesting and planting.

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Therefore for any quantity that you cultivate now, you tend to get your return in the next 4 months enabling you to pay for loans if you made use of loans to invest in rice farming. Government is also making efforts to promote efficient food supply. Government is willing to promote rice farming by offering loans and logistics to those who wish to embark on it. Rice farming does not need much expertise since anyone willing can have it cultivated and harvested. Rice is a high yielding crop and an acre of rice farm can produce up to a 100 bags of rice. Rice production per hectare in Nigeria is dependent on the type of seed.

Steps To Begin A Rice Farming Business

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There are certain steps that you will take for a rice farming business. These steps will help you open your rice farming business.

Basic Requirements For Rice Farming Business

  • A nice swampy land that is not very acidic
  • High yielding rice specie because rice yield per hectare in Nigeria will depend on this
  • Proper and efficient fertilizer application
  • Efficient weed control at the appropriate time
  • Planting at an early time

Rice sells fast since it is consumed in most homes in Nigeria. Rice is among the most consumed food item in Indonesia, China, Thailand and Nigeria which is made up more than 3 million people.

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You can have it prepared in various forms like: pounded rice, jollof rice, white rice and stew. Rice is consumed also in major countries across the planet. These following steps will be required to start a rice farming business in Nigeria.

1. Choose seeds that are healthy

The more healthier the seeds are, the more productive it becomes. Go for the variety that is improved and have your seeds selected. Avoid indiscriminate planting of seeds and go what is healthy. The production of rice involves manual selection. One major reason why local farmers produce little is the lack of proper seed selection. Your harvest would be worth it if you pick the best rice. You are advised to purchase seeds from a licensed firm that has registration with the National Agricultural Seeds Council who regulate the manufacture of seeds in Nigeria. This ensures the production of seeds and yield of high quality takes place. The selection of seeds of good quality will enable you to:

  • promote the germination of more than 80%
  • promote the resistance of pests and diseases
  • promote yield through 5-20%
  • promote the resistance of pest attacks and diseases
  • promote consistent plant size
  • Decrease the problem of weeds.

2. Have the seedlings raised in a nursery

Have the seeds planted in a seedbeds after the seedbeds have been prepared. If you can solarise the soils then have it done. The process of soil solarization has to do with heating the soil by having it covered with polythene sheet that is transparent so as to control soil born infections. Facts have confirmed the increase of rice yield by about 36% by making use of the solarization technique for germinating the seedlings.

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The transplanted rice gets matured to be harvested faster. Your seedlings will then be ready to be transplanted after 2 to 3 weeks. Have the soil covered with a polythene that is transparent so that there is maintenance of the temperature as soil born diseases is prevented.

3. Find a swampy land

A land that is swampy saves you the irrigation stress and capital. Even though you can plan rice by using both upland dry, downland irrigated and swamp and upland dry state, the rice tends to be produced more on irrigated soil and swamps. You are advised to choose swampy land. Clear the land and you can use the tractors for tilling the surface of the soil in order to get ready to transplant your rice seedling. Land is the most essential requirements for opening a rice farm enterprise in Nigeria and the worth vary based on the kind of soil, location and drainage facilities. Rice is a crop for small scale farmers and the average size is about 6 acres. Large space is required for setting up your project and drying the paddy rice before harvesting.

  • choose a site in zones where rice is traditionally grown
  • select a fertile land that have better water capacity
  • if you intend to cultivate rice for one or more years, obtain the advice of the soil testing agency. The most common technique is to obtain a swampy land.
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4. Weed management and nutrients

The rice farm will need weed control after 2 months of transplanting. After this it will time to have the herbicide applied to do the weeding. Some farmers apply herbicides twice before they start harvesting. The application of fertilizer is done within a month after transplanting. Ensure that you see the appropriate category of fertilizer and apply them by having them sprayed in the right amount within the field.

5. Crop harvesting

Your crops will be ready for harvest within 4 months of your planting. The rice color changes from green to light brown when it is matured. You will then move in to have your crops harvested very fast in order to prevent it from being consumed by pests.

The Profit Potential Of The Rice Farming Business

Projected income on rice farming is dependent on invested capital. The more the capital, the more the profit potential. There is an increasing growth due the transformation agenda in agriculture by the government of Nigeria. The large market in Nigeria, duties and high costs connected with importation of rice make it’s local production an attractive venture. The government of Nigeria have brought in favorable incentives that will promote incentives locally. Example in Ekiti state the growth is up to 15 new rice mills per annum.


Agriculture is a profitable enterprise in Nigeria and rice farming is one of the best categories in Nigeria. Many families consume rice in Nigeria making it an attractive venture. If you have any questions about starting a rice farming business in Nigeria, feel free to make use of our comment box.

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