Eye Problems: Causes of Eye Disease, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

This post is about eye problems and possible solutions. The eye is the light of the body and one of the most important part of the body. Every one today values his or her life and wouldn’t want to make a joke with it. However while keeping care of your eyes, do you know that there are some infections and diseases that can affect someone eyes. Keeping your eyes from sharp objects is not enough in protecting your eyes. You need to read this post to learn how you can protect your eyes, and if you currently have eye problem you would want to read this article that will show you how to treat eye diseases, infection etc.

Eye Problems: Causes of Eye Disease, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

Eye problems

Without time-wasting let’s get serious with the major purpose of this post.  Know that eye problem can as well be referred to as eye disorder. One may experience something like scratches of the eyes, painful eye and many more which we are going to look at below, this are all signs of eye problem

What is the meaning of eye problem/disease?

Eye problem simply means infections or diseases that affect normal function of the eye as a body organ. People develop eye problem either through their lifestyle, the food they eat or the environment they live in. There are different types of Eye infections/ diseases, such as Macula degeneration, Glaucoma, Cataract, Retinal Detachment and dry eye syndrome. According to bausch, it stated that eye problems doesn’t often has early symptoms. which could be painless and so on.

Some Eye infections.

  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis): It is an infection of the conjunctiva which usually give the eye a pink tint. It is caused by bacteria or virus, an allergic reaction or irritation. Please note that It is also common to get pink eye when you have a cold, so it is not all pink eye that can be associated with Conjunctivitis.
  • Keratitis: It is an infection of the cornea. It is caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites in water. This is common with people who wear contact lenses.
  • Stye: It can crop up as painful red bumps under your eyelid or at the base of your eyelashes. This occur when the oil glands in your eyelid or eyelashes get infected by bacteria.
  • Fungal eye infections: It is very rare to get fungal eye infection but they can be serious if you do. Many fungal eye infections happen after an eye injury, especially if your eye was scraped by a plant product like a stick or a thorn. You can also get one if you wear contact lenses that are not properly cared for.
  • Uveitis: This is an infection of the middle layer of your eye, called the uvea. It’s sometimes linked to an inflammatory disease like rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
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Other Causes of Eye problem.

Eye problems are caused by different factors which includes the following;

Our diet:

Our eyes are vascular so it is very important to have a healthy diet to keep blood vessels that carry nutrients to eyes healthy. Necessary saturated fats needed by our body can be found in fresh fish , lean meat, fresh fruits, vegetables and low or non-fatty dairy products.

Fatty foods:

The blood vessels that supply the eye with nutrients and blood are so small that almost any fatty deposits can cause a blocked vein. Eating food that contain too much fat can lead to blockage of the veins which can lead to eye problem.
Foods containing Cholesterol: Eating cholesterol containing food can cause eye problem. Cholesterol can break away from arteries, pass through the bloodstream into your eyes and find a spot in one of the retina’s arteries.

Food containing Saturated fats:

Saturated fats are mostly found in highly processed foods, store-bought foods, fried foods and fatty dairy products such as red meat. Saturated fats put the eye at risk of developing macular degeneration, this is because saturated fat have the ability to build up on the macular vessel of the eye and slow down blood flow in the eye.

Food containing Monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fats and linoleic acid:

Monounsaturated fats, polyunsaturated fats and linoleic acid are found in junk foods like potato chips, margarine, commercially prepared cookies and cakes, and French fries causes a great deal of damage to our eye health and vision.

Our environment:

Environmental factors like pollutants, toxic gases and chemicals, bacteria, smoking, various drugs, variable humidity, temperature variations, ultraviolet radiations, cosmetics affect the various parts of eyes like cornea, conjunctiva etc in several ways which leads to different eye problems like cataract, glaucoma and macula degeneration.

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Early signs and symptoms of Eye infections / diseases.

How do you know something is wrong with your eye? It all start when you start noticing any of this signs;
Sudden pain or discomfort in your eyes.
Itchy eyes.

  • Frequent boils popping up in your eyes known as Stye.
  • Eyes burning up.
  • Feeling like something is in your eyes when there is actually nothing there.
  • Eyelid become more tender.
  • Small, painful lump under your eyelid or at the base of your eyelashes.
  • Eyes won’t stop tearing up.

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Severe signs and symptoms of eye infections / diseases

Untreated eye problem leads to chronic eye infection or diseases which are identified with this signs;

  • Redness of eyes.
  • Re-occurring pain in or around the eye.
  • Hazy, blurry or double vision.
  • Seeing flashes of light or sudden bright floating spots.
  • Seeing rainbows or halos around bright light.
  • Seeing floating “spider webs”.
  • Seeing a “curtain coming down” over one eye.
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Rate of Eye problems in Africa and Nigeria.

In Nigeria , the rate at which people now develop eye problem keep rising every day which is as a result of our lifestyle and environmental factors. Both adult and young ones are now using glasses while others are on medication. Some have gone blind due to carelessness and late detection of eye problem that has gone worse such as glaucoma, cataract and other eye problems. You won’t be surprised that some babies were born blind due to family of congenital cataract and metabolic or genetic diseases.

In Africa, sixteen percent of the total population gave gone blind, fifty percent are managing one eye problem or the other, and the remaining people are either not aware of their status yet or totally free. The popularity of eye infection/diseases amidst us has been traced to our lifestyle, the food we eat and some environmental factors. The rate at which people develop eye problem this days is so alarming.

Who is at high risk of having eye disease?

According to my study, everyone is at risk of developing one eye problem or the other especially old people. As you age, you realize your vision keep digressing too and become less sharp by the day. This explains the use of glasses in most old people and the fact that most adults are on eye drops and medications.

Nowadays, there is no age limit to the use of glasses, eye drops or other medications when we talk of eye infection/ diseases. Many people are managing low vision, dry eye, blurry vision, shortsightedness, longsightedness while some are on the chronic side like glaucoma, diabetic eye disease (diabetes retinopathy). Plus the fact that eye problem is hereditary, everyone is at risk of eye problem but old people are at high risk of eye problem than young people.

Is eye diseases contactable?

I do ask myself this questions, why is eye diseases so common? Can’t they be eradicated? I think it is due to the fact that all eye diseases are contactable and everyone is at risk of contacting one eye disease or the other at anytime.

How do we avoid eye problems in Nigeria?

I believe we can try our best to avoid eye problem in Nigeria but everyone has work to do. All we have to do is to follow some tips;

  • Regular eye check up in order to detect any eye problem early and receive adequate treatment with your ophthalmologist.
  • Regular check up for diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Visit your doctor immediately you notice warning signs of changes in your vision such as blurry or double vision, sharp pain in the eye.
  • Eat healthy and balanced diet such as food containing vitamins and Omega-3 fatty acid.
  • Exercise your body regularly. (You can see the kinds of exercise that improve vision here) in addiction wiki how has also written how to exercise your eyes here.
  • Protect your eye from harmful UV light.
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 Diagnosing and treating eye problems in Nigeria.

Maintaining eye health is very essential to good vision, visit your opthalmologist or optometrist immediately you notice any warning sign like red-eyes, blurry vision, double vision, sharp pain in your eye. Many people have gone blind because of ignorance. Late treatment could be very dangerous.

Recommended hospitals for eye treatment in Nigeria.

We have many competent hospitals in Nigeria that you can visit for eye examination, diagnosis and treatment. Some of them are listed below;

  • Onward Specialist hospital, osogbo, osun state.
  • LAUTECH teaching hospital, Osogbo, Osun state.
  • LAUTECH teaching hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo state.
  • Primus super specialist hospital, Abuja.
  • Vision care eye clinic, Portharcourt, River state.
  • Canon eye clinic, Uyo, Akwa Ibom state.
  • First Optician eye clinic, Kano municipal, Kano state.

Home remedy/treatment for eye problem.

When I was young, it was very funny when we were told that onion is very good for our eye health, personally I don’t like onions so it was hard for me to believe. But growing up, it is now clear to me that onions are very good for our eye health especially when eaten raw.

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Eating raw onions, garlic and soy will help prevent the formation of cataracts and improve the lens health of your eyes. Sulphur-rich garlic and onions are important for the production of glutathione, an important sulphur containing protein that acts as an antioxidant for the lens of the eye. Raising glutathione levels can be instrumental in both prevention and resolution of visual problems like macular degeneration, glaucoma or cataracts.

Red onions prevent poor eyesight, they contain quercetin, an antioxidant that is believed to prevent cataract.
I think we better start eating lot of raw onions and garlic, funny though. Onion is not easy to eat raw for people like me but it is better than loosing our sight.

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CONCLUSION: In conclusion prevention is always better than cure. Yearly eye examination is very important, eat balanced diet every day, stop bad habits like smoking and visit your doctor in case of any warning sign in your vision.

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Victoria Oni

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