We will roll out the second part of our guide on the Sokoto community, where we bring to cognizance those who are tasked with leadership in the community, the religious roles they equally play as well as the electricity status obtainable in the community.
Survey of the Sokoto Community (Part 2)
Sokoto Community rulers and their religious roles
The Sultan of the caliphate is regarded as the head of the community as well as the religious orchestrator for the indigenes. He organises every religious fellowship for the people of Sokoto. Working with him are his fellow Emirs who are also native Authorities. It is worth noting that the Sultan’s post had been instituted since the time of British rule and he was first handedly, considered the spiritual leader in the Muslim community in
Nigeria. The Sultan is conferred with the title, Amir-ul-Momineen, which is simply translated as the ‘Leader of the Faithful’.
Although most of the roles of the Sultan is usually described as mainly ceremonial, he retains considerable moral authority in Nigeria. Muhammed Sa’adu Abubakar is the latest Sultan of Sokoto, having assumed leadership in 2006 till date.
Historically, one of the most significant Sultans to have held sway was Siddiq Abubakar III, who held the position for 50 years, from 1938 to 1988. He was well known to be a stabilizing force in Nigerian politics, particularly in 1966 after the assassination of Ahmadu Bello, the Premier of Northern Nigeria.
During Muhammad’s reign (1817–37), Sokoto was successfully defended from uprisings of the Hausa peoples. Sokoto signed a treaty of commerce with Great Britain in 1853. The British were allowed additional trade privileges within the community after a treaty of 1885, but British colonial expansion was opposed. Following the defeat of forces by the British in 1903, almost all of the community, otherwise known as the Emirates was incorporated into the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria.
Sokoto Electricity status
The power condition of the community is fairly stable. In the past, there had been issues of unexpected power outages which lingered on for long periods of time but most recently, adequate measures are been taken to see that such stories of power failures and irregularities in electricity provision are things of the past.
Nowadays, indigenes in certain areas of the community can be well assured of stable electricity in such a way that they can boost their businesses which would require constant power supply. Dams which do exist in this community can be utilized by providing turbines which would help produce the much needed power not just for the community but for even most communities in Nigeria as a whole.
Ways of improvements in the Sokoto community
Transportation within the city has been a source of worry for indigenes, especially in the rural parts of the society.
Initially, movement within the city (when not by foot) is mainly by mopeds which operate as one-person taxis. Buses and taxis are infrequent and are generally used only for transport from one community to another. As a result, the local government can better the lives of their indigenes by introducing in-town transport systems for better proximity. More mini-buses and cabs should be provided for marketers; those who troop in and out of the community in daily basis in order to purchase different types of goods.
The developmental process of the community in most parts of Sokoto has been stagnant or on a retarded level. Plausible cues can be taken from that of more established communities in Nigeria to further improve the living conditions of the indigenes in these parts.
Provisions of the features of every modern city which includes roads, bridges, modern markets, experience centres, refurbished hospitals, sports and recreation centers as well as administrative and major commercial institutions can all go a long way in improving the conditions of the community.
Agriculture, which is the mainstay of the community should be improved upon into a more mechanized system. Their floodplains equally produce cash crops of peanuts (groundnuts), cotton, and rice. The upland areas are planted with sorghum, millet , cowpeas, and cassava (manioc). The 3-mile- (5-kilometre-) long
Bakolori Dam (1975), one of the world’s longest, on the Sokoto River provides year-round irrigation in the Sokoto-Rima basin, but the project has become an economic disaster because the soil is becoming increasingly infertile as a result of irregular irrigation and there is less water available downstream from the dam.
There are two major seasons in Sokoto, namely the wet and dry season. The dry season starts from October, and lasts up to April in some parts and may extend to May or June in other parts. The wet season on the other hand begins in most parts of the state in May and lasts up to September, or October.
The harmattan; a dry, cold and fairly dusty wind is experienced in the state between November and February. Heat is more severe in the state in March and April. But the weather in the state is always cold in the morning and hot in the afternoons, save in peak harmattan period. The topography of this community is dominated by the famous Hausa plain of northern Nigeria. The vast fadama land of the Sokoto-Rima River systems dissects the plain and provides the rich alluvial soil fit for a variety of crop cultivation in the state. There are also isolated hills and mountain ranges scattered all over these parts.
Also, much of the land in these parts are used for grazing as well as provision of cattle hides, goatskins, sheepskins, and finished leather products are significant exports, as are cattle, goats, and fowl. Limestone and kaolin deposits which are also found here can be markedly exploited upon. The community’s capital city has a cement factory, tanneries, a modern abattoir and a refrigeration plant. Gusau, a commercial and industrial centre, has a modern textile industry, a seed-oil mill, and a soya-bean-processing plant.
This would be the conclusion part of this survey series. We are elated you devoted your time to following this article on the lifestyle and economic standing of this community. Keep an eye on this site as we bring you yet another of our research work on the Nigerian communities. Thank you.