During my days as a philosophy student, one of the most prominent questions that seems obvious that we will never find answers to, is the question of how we got here in the first place. How did the world begin? Who created the world? Or what created the world? Who created who created the world?
How old is the earth
Going by Greek mythology, air, earth and fire were the first ingredients. Going by the Bible and, a god spoke everything into being. Going by science, the big bang theory star created all these. One thing is certain though, none of these is sufficient to answer our questions.
The problem that arose from these various theories however, is the difference in date for the age of the earth. If we can’t really determine how we got here, perhaps we can spend some of the energy to decipher how long this our world has been around. Maybe this will even give us an idea of whom among the theorists came close.
The two primary sides are Young-earth proponents (biblical age of the earth and universe of about 6,000 years) and Old-earth proponents (secular age of the earth of about 4.5 billion years and a universe about 14 billion years old). The difference is immense! Let’s give a little history of where these two basic calculations came from and which worldview is more reasonable.
Where Did a Young-earth Worldview Come From? Simply put, it came from the Bible. Of course, the Bible doesn’t say explicitly anywhere, “The earth is 6,000 years old.” The 6000 years calculation is based solely on the ages of the prominent Bible characters starting from the first man, Adam. Of course, Adam was also not created on the first day of the earth, everything in the world has been created before Adam. Biblical records say the creation process before Adam took 5 days. Many have argued that this 5 days could be a poetic rendering for 5 centuries or millennia. However, the 6000 years old calculation means the days days before Adam has been left out. Scholarly, it has been estimated and agreed that Abraham lived about 2000BC, that is about 4000 years ago. Looking at the geneologues in the Bible from genesis 5 to 11, it can be deduced that there were 2000 years between Adam and Abraham.
For a long time, this 6000 years old earth theory held sway as only few challenged it until the eighteenth century, when the likes of Comte de Buffon and Pièrre LaPlace proposed an an indefinite but very long history and theorised the world to be about 75000 years old. However, the idea of millions of years really took hold in geology when men like Abraham Werner, James Hutton, William Smith, Georges Cuvier, and Charles Lyell used their interpretations of geology as the standard, rather than the Bible. Werner estimated the age of the earth at about one million years. Smith and Cuvier believed untold ages were needed for the formation of rock layers. Hutton said he could see no geological evidence of a beginning of the earth; and building on Hutton’s thinking, Lyell advocated “millions of years.”
To really understand this, let us take a look at astronomy and what science itself has to say about our solar system and its ellipse. Then we can determine which of the age theories came close to predicting how old the earth is.
People who believe in the big bang usually interpret the evidence according to their already-existing belief in the big bang. In other words, they just assume that the big bang is true; they interpret the evidence to match their beliefs. So we find archeologists and historians dating events in the past as stretching past the 6000 years age, this is solely based on their theory that the world is really millions of years old. There are actually no real determinants to this dating. Now let’s look at some facts about the universe regarding its age. We will see that the evidence is consistent with 6,000 years but doesn’t make sense if we hold to the big bang.
RECESSION OF THE MOON
The moon is slowly moving away from the earth. As the moon orbits the earth, its gravity pulls on the earth’s oceans, which causes tides. The tides actually “pull forward” on the moon, causing the moon to gradually spiral outward. So the moon moves about an inch and a half away from the earth every year. That means that the moon would have been closer to the earth in the past. For example, 6,000 years ago, the moon would have been about 800 feet closer to the earth (which is not much of a change, considering the moon is a quarter of a million miles away). So this “spiraling away” of the moon is not a problem over the biblical time scale of 6,000 years. But if the earth and moon were over four billion years old (as evolutionists teach), then we would have big problems. In this case, the moon would have been so close that it would actually have been touching the earth only 1.4 billion years ago. This problem suggests that the moon can’t possibly be as old as secular astronomers claim.
MAGNETIC FIELDS OF THE PLANETS
Many of the planets of the solar system have strong magnetic fields. These fields are caused by electrical currents that decay with time. We can even measure this decay of the earth’s magnetic field: it gets weaker and weaker every year. If the planets were really billions of years old (as evolutionists believe), then their magnetic fields should be extremely weak by now. Yet they are not. The outer planets of the solar system, in particular, have quite strong magnetic fields. A reasonable explanation for this is that these planets are only a few thousand years old, as the Bible teaches.
You can read the concluding part here